Marianne Karth and Lois Durso are two mothers on a mission to prevent truck underride collisions. Underride crashes — when a car collides with a truck and gets lodged underneath — are among the most fatal types of accidents on the road. A vehicle's passenger compartment is often crushed or ripped off.
In 2004, Durso's daughter — Roya Sadigh — was driving in a blizzard the night before Thanksgiving, when her car skidded out of control and slid under the side of a truck trailer. Roya died instantly.
"Roya, she was beautiful. She had a heart to match," says Durso. "She [was] 26 years old. Just starting her life. My very best friend."
Karth lost two of her nine children in a truck underride collision: 17-year-old AnnaLeah and 13-year-old Mary.
Four years ago, the Karths were driving from their home in North Carolina to a family wedding in Texas when an 18-wheeler sideswiped their car, spinning it around and then hitting it again, and hurling the back of the car — where the girls were sitting — under another truck. The truck's underride guard failed.
"It's like they were here just yesterday, and they were so full of life," Karth says. She describes AnnaLeah as the creative one; Mary, as the life of the party. Karth says Mary — in her 13 years — never once cut her hair.
"Actually she had her first haircut when the emergency room nurse cut her braids off to take care of her because her face was smashed. They saved them for me," Karth said. "I'm so thankful they saved the braids."
Underride guards — the metal barriers hanging from the backs of most large trucks — are supposed to keep smaller vehicles from sliding underneath in a collision, but the current federal safety standard was issued nearly two decades ago. Many are weak and can crumble upon impact.
The federal government currently does not require side guards on large trucks.
A common bond and partnership
Karth and Durso are partnering in a campaign aimed at urging Congress and the Department of Transportation to improve federal guidelines for rear underride guards and to create a new safety mandate requiring guards on the sides of semitrailers.
The two moms met for the first time at a trucking conference in March. Their bond was immediate.
"She asked me all kinds of questions about my daughters. Man, I was crying," Karth says. "It was the shared comfort and grief and getting to know each other really quickly. That was just two months ago, and now we're like sisters."
"Buddies here, you know," adds Durso.
Later that same month, the two attended a congressional hearing on truck safety. After the session ended, Karth says, "It was at that point that we said, 'Let's write a bill.'"
Their legislation — named "The Roya, AnnaLeah & Mary Comprehensive Underride Protection Act of 2017" — calls for side and rear-underride protection on all trucks. For Karth, it's partly the culmination of a yearslong effort involving petitions, social media campaigns and safety roundtables.
New crash test results released May 10 by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety serve as validation. Those results show underride guards mounted to the side of a truck provide similar safety benefits as rear-mounted ones.
Karth and Durso's lobbying effort has included six self-funded trips to Washington in just the last three weeks. They've met with staffers for lawmakers from both parties.
Durso describes the reception as positive. But they are up against a well-funded trucking industry — represented by the American Trucking Associations (ATA) — which takes a different view of underride guards.
"ATA believes the best way to prevent underride deaths is to prevent crashes in the first place, which is why our industry invests more than $9 billion in safety initiatives. Wider deployment of advanced vehicle safety technologies like automatic emergency braking and forward collision warning systems can help prevent all kinds of crashes, including those into the sides of trucks," says American Trucking Associations spokesperson Sean McNally.
Still, some trucking companies have already added extra underride protection on their own.
Joan Claybrook with the Truck Safety Coalition — an organization which provides support to truck crash victims and their families — says the trucking industry is a powerful force in Congress since it's represented in all 50 states.
"They are just every place. They are powerful in their home districts. Members of Congress pay attention," says Claybrook, who was an administrator at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration during the Carter administration. "The truck safety victims have never been organized until we started the Truck Safety Coalition. They do live all over the country, but they don't have the economic clout the trucking industry does."
"Sick and tired of waiting"
The two moms say they are prepared for the long fight.
"It's very frustrating to watch how slow it moves especially when you see solutions," Karth says. "And it makes it hard to resolve the grief. But it's all of that which fuels us to keep pushing."
Adds Durso, "One day, Marianne called and she said, 'Why are we doing this?' And I said, 'Because we are two moms who are sick and tired of waiting.'"
Karth and Durso say they are clear-eyed about the political realities facing their legislation — but are no less determined.
LULU GARCIA-NAVARRO, HOST:
Now this Mother's Day, a story about mothers on a mission. They were united in grief after losing children in accidents involving large trucks. They're pushing Congress to toughen truck safety standards, hoping to save others from suffering the same loss. And as NPR's Geoff Bennett reports, they're finding out just how difficult it can be to turn ideas into reality on Capitol Hill.
GEOFF BENNETT, BYLINE: Four years ago, Marianne Karth was driving with three of her nine children from their home in North Carolina to a family wedding in Texas when an 18-wheeler sideswiped their blue Crown Victoria, spinning it around and then hitting it again, hurling the rear of the car under another truck. Sitting in the back were her two girls.
MARIANNE KARTH: It's like they were here just yesterday, and they were so full of life.
BENNETT: Karth remembers 17-year-old AnnaLeah as the creative one. Mary, she says, was a ham, the life of the party. And in her 13 years, Mary never once cut her hair.
KARTH: Actually, she had her first haircut when the emergency room nurse cut her braids off to take care of her because her face was just smashed. And they saved it for me. I'm so thankful that they saved the braids because - just a wonderful memory of Mary.
BENNETT: In 2004, Lois Durso's daughter, Roya, was driving in a blizzard when her car skidded out of control and slid under the side of a truck. Roya died instantly.
LOIS DURSO: Oh, she was beautiful. She had a heart to match. She was 26 years old, just starting her life.
BENNETT: Durso and Karth have since devoted themselves to preventing what are known as truck underride collisions. It's what happens when a car collides with a truck and gets lodged underneath. The metal barriers you see hanging from the backs of most large trucks - those are underride guards, and they're supposed to keep smaller vehicles from sliding under.
But the current safety standard was issued nearly two decades ago. Many are weak and can crumble upon impact. At a trucking industry conference just months ago, the two moms met for the first time. They say their bond was immediate.
KARTH: She asked me all kinds of questions about my daughters. And man, I was crying, you know, just with a shared comfort and grief and getting to know one another really quickly. And then we go around at this conference and, you know, talking to all these trucking people. And that was just two months ago, and we're like sisters and best friends.
DURSO: Buddies here, you know?
BENNETT: Buddies and now partners in a campaign aimed at urging Congress and the Department of Transportation to improve federal guidelines for rear underride guards and to require guards on the sides of trucks, too. The two moms wrote a bill and named it in honor of their daughters. It calls for comprehensive underride protection on all trucks. In just the last three weeks, they've made six self-funded trips to Washington to meet with lawmakers from both parties.
KARTH: OK. And I'm Marianne Karth. Hi.
DURSO: I'm Lois Durso. Hi.
BENNETT: They say the response so far has been positive, but they've got plenty of hurdles to clear. Joan Claybrook is with the Truck Safety Coalition. She says advocates like Karth and Durso are competing against a well-funded trucking industry that has affiliated groups pushing their interests in all 50 states.
JOAN CLAYBROOK: And so they're just everyplace. And they're powerful in their home districts, so members of Congress pay attention to them. The truck safety victims have never been organized until we started the Truck Safety Coalition, and they do live all over the country. But they don't have the economic clout that the trucking industry does.
BENNETT: The American Trucking Associations says the industry hasn't come to an agreement on underride guards. Some truck companies have already added extra protection on their own. Meanwhile, Lois Durso says she's prepared for the long fight.
DURSO: One day, Marianne called and she said, why are we doing this? And I said, because we are two moms that's sick and tired of waiting.
BENNETT: She says they're clear-eyed about the political realities their legislation faces and are no less determined.
Geoff Bennett, NPR News, the Capitol. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.